Iran is considering concluding an agreement with Russia on the transfer of missiles after the expiration of UN Security Council Resolution 2231 (October 18), which prohibits such agreements, according to the American Institute for the Study of War.
It is noted that Russia has long been interested in acquiring Iranian long-range ballistic missiles Fateh-110 and Zolfagar. This is confirmed by Ukrainian and Israeli intelligence.
Iran demonstrated these missiles to Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu in August at a military exhibition in Moscow. And in October last year, Iranian officials told Western media that they had reached an agreement with Russia to supply missiles.
American and British officials said in December 2022 that Russia was seeking to buy Iranian missiles to address its shortage after the invasion of Ukraine, when, according to the Ukrainian military, it had exhausted its missile stockpile.
According to the ISW, Iran has the largest and most diverse missile arsenal in the Middle East and has invested heavily in this program over the past five to seven years.
The expiration of the UN Security Council resolution on October 18 will allow Iran to purchase missile technology and materials without international control. In addition, secret negotiations with China on the supply of ammonium perchlorate, which is necessary for solid fuel missiles, may also contribute to the development of missile production.