President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky has signed a law introducing a new type of criminal punishment - probation supervision. The map of the draft law 9185 is available on the website of the Verkhovna Rada.
This law made changes to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure of Ukraine, as well as other legislative acts of the country in order to "improve the types of criminal punishment under martial law."
The explanatory note to the draft law emphasizes that under martial law, it is necessary to optimize pre-trial detention centers, including increasing the number of places for detention, by eliminating arrest houses, in particular for the detention of prisoners of war.
Thus, a new criminal punishment - probation supervision - is introduced as the main type of punishment, which provides for a comprehensive impact on the offender without isolating him or her from society. Probation supervision can be applied for 1-5 years (1-2 years for minors).
Probation supervision will be applied to more than 140 articles of the Criminal Code of Ukraine.
In particular, it may be imposed under the following articles:
- Art. 111-1. Collaboration activities;
- Art. 124. Infliction of grievous bodily harm (in self-defense or detention);
- Art. 125. Infliction of light bodily harm;
- Art. 126. Beatings and torture;
- Art. 126-1. Domestic violence;
- Art. 129. Threats to kill;
- Art. 130. Infection with HIV or other incurable disease;
- Art. 133. Infection with a venereal disease;
- Art. 144. Forced donation;
- Art. 150. Exploitation of children;
- Art. 151-2. Forced marriage;
- Art. 154. Compulsion to engage in sexual intercourse;
- Art. 162. Illegal entry into a dwelling;
- Art. 164. Avoidance of payment of alimony;
- Art. 185. Theft;
- Art. 186. Robbery;
- Art. 190. Fraud.
In addition, this type of punishment may be imposed for crimes such as illegal use of humanitarian aid and charitable donations, forgery, illegal deforestation, poaching, calls for terrorist acts, genocide, distribution of pornography, propaganda of war, cultivation of sleeping poppies or hemp, and other crimes.